The Future University, Its Visions and Possibilities.
On matters of internal security, I call for a Nigeria based West African Civil Defense University (WACDU).Universities and other higher educational institutions are vital for national development. A higher institution especially a professional type of institution is instrumental in fostering of growth, assist countries, build leadership, and help other educational professionals who create policies for other agencies with the same mission and goals. The idea behind a civil defense type higher institution is to provide a specific environment for creating and make available transformation drive for civil safety and security of inhabitants and territories within the context of the country’s development.
The universities will serve as centers for educational analysis which help provides governments and communities robust evidence base to form public policy. At an institutional level, universities arepositioned to offer thorough, independent assessments of issues ranging from security, safety, and health. Alsoact as doors to study policies and strategies so they canrealize into systems that are operative, transparent, responsible, learning and changing.
A civil defense university as explained here will specifically, aims at building the capacity of the internal security professionals and persons involved with operational activities at both national and regional levels through specialized orientation /education, training, investigation and consultancy programs and services. An educational environment that will prepare officers and staff skilled to formulate national policy to guide national effort towards safe internal security. In the age of technology and changing times a West African Civil Defense University can help broke new ground by offering career-relevant, field or/and distance education for a mobile population of para-military learners with unique needs. A future university which aims to become an African pioneer in higher education, specializing in the interdisciplinary field of applied security development.
A place where various undergraduates and graduate programs will help prepare students for leadership roles both within the civil defense and internal security and for transition to post security careers. The university will dedicate itself as a hub for Nigeria and other African countries in the manner of becoming a dedicated to being a premier security and law enforcement learning and research center and an advocate for security/law enforcement’s best practices worldwide through its various programs whose work will reach far beyond the confines of the campus grounds. The university aims to forge relationships with local and international organizations including police, fire service, corrections, military, ministries, universities, schools, institutions of higher education and training. Internationally, the University aims to link with institutions of training and higher education and donor organizations. The university rights, aims to enable a mission towards a civil society, human rights, economic prosperity, counterterrorism, and prevention of natural and man-made-disasters.
The university will serve as a full-service national training facility with conference rooms and classrooms, dorms, firing ranges, a gym and pool, a library, a dining hall, and even a mock ‘city’. The university will help produce training grounds for special agents, Intelligence analysts, Professional staff, Law enforcement officers and Private sector security guards. The University will create a special training complex simulating a city where Civil defense and homeland security trainees will learn investigative techniques, driving skills, firearms skills, and defensive tactics. The complex will house functioning classrooms, administrative and maintenance areas, and audiovisual resources.
The university will serve as a center for leadership fellows’ program, and through this program, senior officers and executives from around Africa will be offered the opportunity to enhance their leadership skills by teaching, networking with staff and students, addressing leadership issues in their sponsoring agencies, attending a diversity of courses, and developing a blueprint for personal and professionalgrowth. Theuniversity will establish a Behavioral research and instruction program is made up of officers with advanced degrees in the behavioral science disciplines of psychology, criminology, and conflict resolution. The Behavioral science aim to have two components, one serving as the Behavioral Science component and the other as the Behavioral Science Investigative Assistance component.
The Behavioral Science component will be responsible for training cadets in behavioral science, criminal forensics, criminal personality profiling, behavioral Crime scene investigators, interviewing techniques and behavioral technology. While the Behavioral Science Investigative Assistance will be responsible for in-field investigation and consultations. The members of the Behavioral Research and Instruction Unit will provide programs of research, training courses, and testing, counseling/consultation services.
The university aims to develop processes, systems, and academic programs that are purpose-driven professions. The University will develop and offer degrees and certificate programs in:
WACDU will not just be an agent of social mobility, a site of training and instruction, it will stand out as a crucial intellectual milieu where special knowledge is formed, disseminated, and challenged. WACDU as well-funded and resourced universitycould have a tremendous international, social and economic impact across Africa. Along with the aims and objectives of an interior or internal affairs or home affairsministry which is responsible for a nation’s internal affairs, chiefly public security, emergency management, law enforcement and internal intelligence; the university should be a full component of the internal affairs ministry.
The University as part of its goals it will be building the capacity of Nigeria and other African security and law enforcement institutions and partner in nation capacity in various law enforcement and security functions, it will serve as an institution providing ethical learning in all of its programs countering against corruption, limited effectiveness, and strained relationships with communities.
The university as a project and an initiative institution aims to develop standards that will provide a foundation of a professional internal security force on which future programs can build. The university programs will add to increase professionalization of African law enforcement academies/training institutions and to standardize institutional practices throughout Nigeria and other countries, where possible. The goal of the security/law enforcement/para-military professionalization project is to ensure forces-based institution recruitment, education, and training and formal standards and practices result in law enforcement officers capable of addressing citizen security challenges and strengthen the relationship between police and the communities they serve. A university that will contribute to public safety and the quality of life of the people who live and work in Nigeria and other African countries or who visit them as a tourists and outsiders.
The university will provide programs for active and trainee law enforcement and security personnel on Firearm training and firearm discharge focusing on active shooter drills and officer’s accidental discharge of firearms; dispatcher training for 911 operators, law enforcement dispatchers, and other public safety telecommunicators.
Prof.John Egbeazien Oshodi, an American-based Police/Prison Scientist and Forensic/Clinical/Legal Psychologist. A government Consultant on matters of forensic-clinical adult/child psychological services in the USA; Chief Educator and Clinician at the Transatlantic Enrichment and Refresher Institute, an Online Lifelong Center for Personal, Professional and Career Development. The Founder of the Dr. John Egbeazien Oshodi Foundation, Center for Psychological Health and Behavioral Change in African settings especially. In 2011, he introduced the State-of-the-Art Forensic Psychology into Nigeria through N.U.C and the Nasarawa State University where he served in the Department of Psychology as an Associate Professor. The Development Professor and International Liaison Consultant at the African University of Benin, and a Virtual Faculty at the ISCOM University, Benin of Republic. Professor John Egbeazien Oshodi is the founder,of the proposed Transatlantic Egbeazien University Of Values And Ethics, a mainly E-learning educational environment (TEU). Author of over 36 academic publications/creations, at least 200 public opinion writeups on African issues, and various books.
Prof. Oshodi was born in Uromi, Edo State, Nigeria to parents with almost 40 years of police/corrections service, respectively. Periodically visits home for scholastic and humanitarian works. Jos5930458@aol.com
Copyright © 2021 John Egbeazien Oshodi. All Rights Reserved.No part of the sections may be copied, photocopied, reproduced, downloaded,translated or reduced to any electronic medium or machine-readable form, in whole or in part, without specific permission.
Nigeria Is Facing Student Suicide Pandemic
Too often, we hear reports of young people taking their own lives and we find ourselves asking what could have been done to avert these self-destructive acts. Across Nigeria there is need for schools at all levels to have a comprehensive approach to preventing a tragedy like suicide.
The inadequate attention given to suicide by the government and educational institutions is alarming, as it continues to happen on a frequent basis. Even as Nigeria has one of the highest suicide rates in Africa.
The latest being a 200 level Political Science student of Adekunle Ajasin University Akungba Akoko, Ondo State, Feranmi Fasunle Omowumi, who reportedly committed suicide by swallowing a poisonous content with food in her room.
Just before the suicide of Ms. Omowumi, was that of Adedeji Emmanuel a 200-level student of Management and Accounting at the Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife who reportedly committed suicide after swallowing a pesticide.
There is the March incident, involving a 300-level student, Daniel Mba of Biochemistry Department, at the University of Nigeria Nsukka, who was caught cheating with his phone during an examination, reportedly jumped from the third floor of a story to end his life. Before he jumped for suicide purpose a check of his room reportedly showed rat poison, bleach containers and syringes that he had supposedly injected into his body but failed to result to immediate death. He died from his injuries.
Then there is the February incident, Abdullahi Bashir, a final year Mathematics student of the Federal University, Dutse, Jigawa State committed suicide by reportedly ingesting an insecticide after accusing his girlfriend of cheating on him on Valentine’s Day. Many others have followed before these ones as seen below:
Yet suicide often remain a low priority for institutions, governments, and policymakers.
Suicide is a complicated human behavior. There are various risk factors for suicide as they relate to youths. Feeling suicidal can result from personal conditions that combine to make a person feel hopeless, believe that it is impossible to change a situation, a significant personal loss or number of losses and defeats taken personally, and low self-esteem.
Financial difficulties, parental illness or death, been bullied or ridiculed, trying to escape feelings of rejection, hurt, or loss, a history of untreated or treated trauma, depression, anxiety, emotional outburst, bipolar disorder, or other mental illness, social isolation, lack of support, inability to cope with gender identity issues, national disorderliness and restlessness, situational crises like traumatic death of a loved one, physical or sexual abuse, believing there is no hope for feeling better, alcohol or other drug use, and having easy access to the means for dying, such as hanging tools, knives, guns, and insecticides.
Amongst persons and youths at risk there are clear warning signs of suicide such as talking or writing about suicide or death, giving direct verbal cues, such as “I wish I were dead” and “I’m going to end it all”, isolating him-or herself from friends and family, exhibiting a sudden and unexplained improvement in mood after being depressed or withdrawn, neglecting his or her appearance and hygiene, obtaining a means (such as an insecticide or another methods of hurting him- or herself such as prescriptions or medications.
To better respond to the warning signs in student such as acting out, withdrawing, committing destructive or aggressive acts toward him- or herself or others, schools should have knowledgeable counselor, nurse or physician, psychologist, or social worker to ensure appropriate, confidential, and quick assessment, and treatment. In most cases many persons that talk or plan suicide do not want to die. As such a troubled student is more likely to open to you about self-destructive thoughts or actions, so having a trained counselor or peer listener can counter the person’s sense of hopelessness and helplessness.
When a school counselor, nurse, physician, psychologist, social worker, peer, or other concerned persons observe behavior that indicates there is a peculiar problem, it is okay to say something like, “I’ve noticed that you are going through some rough times. Are you feeling so bad that you are thinking about suicide?” or “Sometimes when people feel sad, they have thoughts of harming or killing themselves. Have you had such thoughts?” If the student says “yes,” it is important to not non-judgmental, do not debate whether suicide is right or wrong, do not lecture on the value of life. Do not ever swear to secrecy, do not act shocked, this will put distance between you. The helper should show interest and support. Be persistent, consistent, and firm, and make sure that the student gets the help that he or she may need.
Be prepared to act if you believe that a student is in danger of harming him- or herself such as taking the student to the counseling office, reassuring him/her that counseling staff know what needs to be done to get the professional help needed to deal with these feelings safely. Do not leave a student at imminent risk of suicide alone If you have any reason to suspect that a student may attempt suicide or otherwise engage in self-harm, it is important to remain with the student or see that the student is in a secure environment, supervised by caring adult until professional help can be obtained. Let the student know that you care that he or she is not alone, and that you are there to help.
Universities and other schools need to have mental health counseling services, and suicide and depression awareness programs, including training dormitory resident assistants, custodians, security guards and peers to be on the lookout for troubled students. Off campus students should gain from these preventive services. There is need for increased stress-reduction programs to help students manage various types of stress, so it does not become unbearable.
Students, teachers, instructors, staff, administrators, and families need to be educated about stigma attached to mental health often cause students not to seek help. Educational institutions should create systems of accommodations that may include allowing the student to take a reduced course load or complete alternative assignments and allowing the student to postpone assignments and exams; especially those having difficulties managing stress.
Schools should establish policies and procedures that permits students to take voluntary leaves of absence for mental health reasons.
Establish policies that promote enjoyable, lifelong physical, social and wellness activities among young people.
There is immediate need for national, State, Municipal and schools to have Suicide Prevention Lifeline that is a free, 24/7 confidential service that can provide people and students in suicidal crisis or emotional distress, information, support, and resources. Crisis Text Line can be developed in form of a free text-message service with a trained crisis counselor any time.
Nigeria remains one of the few nations with anti-suicide law, instead of continuing with this colonial type of law, suicide attempt should be decriminalized. Persons with suicidal behaviors must be seen as in need of psychological and medical help rather than legal punishment.
Very often suicidal behavior is a cry for help. As such suicide is often preventable among students (and staff) if schools and administrators just do that which is right.
Prof. John Egbeazien Oshodi, an American based Police/Prison Scientist and Forensic/Clinical/Legal Psychologist. A government Consultant on matters of forensic-clinical adult/child psychological services in the USA; Chief Educator and Clinician at the Transatlantic Enrichment and Refresher Institute, an Online Lifelong Center for Personal, Professional and Career Development. The Founder of the Dr. John Egbeazien Oshodi Foundation, Center for Psychological Health and Behavioral Change in African settings especially. In 2011, he introduced the State-of-the-Art Forensic Psychology into Nigeria through N.U.C and the Nasarawa State University where he served in the Department of Psychology as an Associate Professor. The Development Professor and International Liaison Consultant at the African University of Benin, and a Virtual Faculty at the ISCOM University, Benin of Republic. Author of over 36 academic publications/creations, at least 200 public opinion writeups on African issues, and various books.
Prof. Oshodi was born in Uromi, Edo State, Nigeria to parents with almost 40 years of police/corrections service, respectively. Periodically visits home for scholastic and humanitarian works. Jos5930458@aol.com
Psychoafricalysis or Psychoafricalytic Psychology also known as Oshodian Psychology is a theory of inner mental processes, conscious intentions, observable actions, formation of human personality, perceptual orientations, cultural undertakings, spiritual presentations, biochemical variants in the African perspectives (Oshodi, 2012).
Oshodi, J. E. (2012). History of Psychology in the Black Experience: Perspectives Then and Now: A psychology in the perspective of the history of the Africans and people of African descent. Lanham, MD: University Press of America.
America has a long history of racial prejudice and spoils of racism shaped by a history of different paths of accepting immigrants into America. As a nation, America remains dynamic, by definition and practice; in the process, it is shaped by the constant battle between its darkest impulses and better angels.
America, known for its oppressive influences of persons of black skin, in its dynamic manner allows for the affirmation of a black body into the American presidency, a move that amazingly results into a virtue of the American exceptionalism. First, in line with the society’s changing spaces was the ascension of the presidency of Barack Obama, the son of a black immigrant from Kenya, Barack Hussein Obama, Sr., who later became an American trained economist. Secondly, is Kamala Harris, the incoming Vice-President, the daughter of Donald Jasper Harris, a black immigrant from Jamaica, a known American trained economist.
A key to understanding this unique political marriage in America, is the fitting text of Jon Meacham, “The Soul of America: The Battle for our Better Angels”. As a Psychologist, I reason more with the better side of America, in terms of inclusion which inspired this political marriage within the American presidency.
Obama in his own way responded to many known and unknown problems regarding Blacks historical struggles. Harris motivated by this political marriage will equally respond to the enduring racial challenges of blacks and other marginalized minority communities in America.
The better angels of America hopefully will embrace America with the spirit and practice of inclusiveness, diversity, opportunities, and equal access within the American economy.
In appreciation of this political marriage, improving lives through access to better health, education, jobs, and other opportunities will hopefully be attended to, and gain full advocacy.
This political marriage will hopefully mirror other changes in terms of more blacks putting further value on higher education, income attainment, interpersonal support, and community development.
Psychologically, this political marriage has not only brought good feeling to many American communities, but it has also allowed many to feel better about themselves. This political marriage reminds many in America that the old emotional wounds of racial discrimination and ethnic rejection can be partly healed through the strengths and connections from the unique political wedding. While this political marriage cannot be substituted for the observable highly supportive marriage between Barack and Michelle, and between Douglas and Kamala; America will forever be changed in a more encompassing manner.
John Egbeazien Oshodi, is a Florida Clinical/Forensic Psychologist and an Online Development Professor and International Liaison Consultant to African University of Benin, is the author of ” A Glance at American Presidents in Black Life: George Washington to George W. Bush, A to Z”